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Liquid Glamour

Do you have questions regarding your nails? Below are Frequently Asked Questions. If you have a question or concern that is not listed, please submit your question to Liquid Glamour will try to answer your question in a timely matter. Thank you.
Table of Contents

Q: Why should I wash my hands prior to receiving a service?
Q: What is an Autoclave?
Q: What is a Particulate Evacuation System?
Q: What happens during a manicure?
Q: How often should I have a manicure?
Q: What is the correct method to filing a natural nail?
Q: How will the manicurist treat my cuticles?
Q: What is the purpose of the hand and arm massage that follows a manicure?
Q: Why should I get a manicure/pedicure service?
Q: My nails keep splitting and breaking, what can I do?
Q: I use hardeners all the time but my nails still continue to break, why?
Q: What is the difference between Gel and Acrylics?
Q: Is Gel better for me or Acrylics?
Q: How can Gel fix the problem of acrylic lifting?
Q: Why does my acrylics lift and come off in the first few days?
Q: What should I be caution of in the 48 hrs after getting my acrylics put on?
Q: My nail polish always chip, how can I prevent it from chipping?
Q: Why are my nails growing so slow?
Q: How can I prevent the nail polish from staining my nails?
Q: Why does my nails feel sore after taking the acrylics off?
Q: Are acrylics damaging to the nail, my nails are so thin when I take the acrylics off?
Q: Can I place acrylics back on immediately after soaking off the old acrylics or do I need to give it a few weeks break?
Q: How can I prevent hangnails?
Q: What is Paraffin Wax?
Q: What is Hot Oil Conditioning?
Q: What is Exfoliating Moisturizing Scrub?
Q: What is a Hydrating Masque Treatment?
Q: How can I stop biting my nails?
Q: Why not use a mineral based cuticle oil, cream or lotion?
Q: How do I maintain my Nail Enhancements?
Q: What is MMA?
Q: What are the reasons for getting a monthly pedicure?
Q: How often should I get a pedicure?
Q: Why are the use of Credo Blades illegal when giving a pedicure?
Q: How Sanitary and Safe is a Non-Standard Salon?
Q: How long will a pedicure take, and what happens during a pedicure?
Q: Should I trim or cut my toenails before I go get a pedicure?
Q: What causes calluses?
Q: What if I am shy about having a pedicure?
Q: Should I shave my legs before I come in for a pedicure?
Q: What is an ingrown toe nail?
Q: How do people get ingrown toenail?
Q: Can I prevent from having an ingrown toenail again?
Q: Can I get a pedicure if I have ingrown toenails?
Q: Should I cut a "V" in the middle of my toenail to correct an ingrown toenail?
Q: Is there ever a time I shouldn't have a pedicure?
Q: What is nail fungus?
Q: Where are fungi found?
Q: How do I know if my nail is infected with fungus?
Q: What causes the fungal infection?
Q: How can I prevent fungal infection?
Q: Is there a health threat with fungal infections?
Q: How do I treat fungal infections?
Q: What are the Illinois Laws pertaining to Sanitation for Salons?

Why should I wash my hands prior to receiving a service?

Micro-organisms that may cause disease known as pathogens must be controlled through cleaning, disinfection or sterilization. Washing your hands prior to services is the "cleaning" physical process which removes soil, dust, dirt and organic matter along with a large proportion of micro-organisms from an object.

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What is an Autoclave?

Micro-organisms that may cause disease known as pathogens must be controlled through cleaning, disinfection or sterilization. An autoclave is a device that sterilizes medical equipment to prevent the spread of infection before it can be used. At Liquid Glamour all metal implements are santized in a Medical Autoclave to ensure client saftey.

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What is a Particulate Evacuation System?

Particulate Evacuation Systems or PES is a unit which vaccums harmful dust particles during pedicure or nail enhancement services to prevent entering the lungs. At Liquid Glamour we use two systems.
Salon Pure Air II
JanL

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What happens during a manicure?

A manicure includes shaping and trimming of the nails, as well as pushing back the cuticles. A brief hand and arm massage concludes the service. You can then choose to have your nails polished or buffed.

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How often should I have a manicure?

Manicures can be scheduled as often as you like. Some people receive them as often as once per week. Depending upon how you use your hands in your daily life, you may want to come in for an Polish Change between regular manicures. Polish Change does include shaping of nails and polished to perfection.

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What is the correct method to filing a natural nail?

The correct method to filing a natural nail is to file sides to center. Never see-saw your nails with a file, as the friction can lead to dehydration of the nails and cause the nails to split and break.

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How will the manicurist treat my cuticles?

The cuticle, the thin piece of skin that overlaps the nail at its base, sometimes adheres to the nail - causing splits or tears in the skin that can turn into hangnails. Keeping the cuticles soft and pushed back may prevent this occurrence. During your manicure, the nail technician will soften the cuticle and gently push it back, trimming only when needed or requested. Hangnails will be trimmed to prevent further tearing.

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What is the purpose of the hand and arm massage that follows a manicure?

The massage helps to relax the hand and arm muscles, softens and smoothes the skin, and increases blood circulation.

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Why should I get a manicure/pedicure service?

Regular manicures/pedicures can keep the nails in prime condition. Beautifully manicure/pedicure nails can increase self-confidence to exposing your nails in public. A Pedicure is the art of caring for the feet and toenails. It can increase the comfort level of your feet, as well as enhance the way they look. Plus, many people find receiving a pedicure to be exceptionally relaxing.

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My nails keep splitting and breaking, what can I do?

Nails split and break if they are over weak, thin or too hard and brittle. You can get nail mending services to temporarily seal the crack together till it grows out. Or you can apply cuticle oil around the nails every night before you pop into bed, the ingredients in cuticles oils nourishes nails and promote stronger nails and nail growth. (Do not purchase a cuticle oil containing mineral oil. Look for a cuticle oil containing Jojoba oil).

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I use hardeners all the time but my nails still continue to break, why?

Remember to wear gloves every time your hands get into contact with harsh detergents/solvents when cleaning, and dish-washing. Hardeners composes of Keratin (Protein) to strengthen porous nails, but do not extend the limit of more than 6 weeks of using it. When nails get too hard, the nails go hard and brittle so the splitting and breaking continues. Follow the manufacturers instructions. Most say to remove after seven days.

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What is the difference between Gel and Acrylics?

Gel and Acrylics are two different types of nail enhancements. Gel is cured under a UV light (some brand gels don't need a light to activate the gel). Gel is more flexible, does not have an odor, more light weight and natural looking. Acrylics consist of a liquid monomer and powder mixed together to harden. Acrylics are more tough, can endure more stress, heavier than gel, has an odor when applying. Some brands produce odorless acrylics. These products usually take up to 48 hrs to fully cure. Gels cure withing 2-3 minutes.

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Is Gel better then Acrylics?

Gel is better for hard brittle nails. Gel is more flexible then Acrylic. Acrylic is best for those who have soft pliable nails. Gels are more popular for people who don't want long nails and just wants the permanent shine to their natural nails. If you don't like the smell of acrylics then gel would be preferable. Also, if you have problems with acrylic lifting all the time then gel would fix the problem. Acrylic and Traditional Hard Gel are more suitable for people that prefers long nails. Acrylic and Traditional Hard Gel can endure more stress for people who are tough on their nails. A soft soak off gel will not provide the strength for people who are tough on their nails. Overall, nail enhancements are great for nail biters!

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How can Gel fix the problem of acrylic lifting?

Gels are cured under a UV light, what happens under the UV light is that the gel cures, shrinks and locks to the natural nail, therefore the chances of lifting are minimized. But if you don't treat your nails like jewels and use them as tools, any nail enhancements will lift eventually.

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Why does my acrylics lift and come off in the first few days?

There are dozens of reasons behind why acrylics lift. Acrylics take up to 48hrs to fully cure, just a accidental bang on the nails within those 48 hrs can immediately cause the acrylics to lift and come off. Other reasons for lifting includes: excessive buffing, no primer used, did not prepare the natural nail well prior to putting the acrylics on, dust left on nails, diseased nail plate, not maintaining regular rebalances (fills), nicotine, fruit acids such as lemons, oranges, and other citrus fruits, harsh detergents, using a acetone based nail polish remover, medication, stress, misuse of nails, occupation, picking and biting, excessive use of oils and creams, using products containing mineral oil, petrolatum or lanolin which can cause lifting. Wearing the nail too long can cause lifting.

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What should I be caution of in the 48 hrs after getting my enhancements put on?

Don't play with your nail enhancements, don't tap the acrylics, don't pick, don't bite, don't pick up heavy things with your nails, treat them as jewels not tools, use knuckles instead of nails when needed, don't go banging the nails on hard surfaces, wear gloves every time you wash the dishes, clean, do the garden or get in contact with harsh detergents. Use the pads of your finger tips to pull laundry out of the dryer. This applies to both Acrylic or Gel Nail Enhancements.

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My nail polish always chip, how can I prevent it from chipping?

Buy a better brand polish, quality comes with cost. At Liquid Glamour Zoya is our professional product of choice. Wear gloves when washing dishes and using harsh detergents, wear a base and top coat for better adhesion, make sure you cap the free edge to seal the end off. Too many layers of polish can also cause chipping. Base Coat, 2 thin layers of polish and a Top Coat is all you need.

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Why are my nails growing so slow?

Nails grows slow for many reasons; a poor diet, disease and health may be some contributing factors. If you are fit and you have a good diet and health, your nails will grow faster! Nails also grows slower in winter and faster in summer. Genetic factors to why the nail grows slow.

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How can I prevent the nail polish from staining my nails?

Nails often take yellowish tint when strong pigmented polish are applied. To prevent yellow pigmentation on the nails, remember to put 1-2 layers of base boat on prior to applying dark color polish on nails. This will help create a barrier between the polish and the nail plate.

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Why does my nails feel sore after taking the nail enhancements off?

Your nail enhancements have been protecting your natural nails against weather, wind, heat, cold and touch, therefore when the acrylics are removed the sensitively of your natural nail has increased. *Apply cuticle oil around the nails every night before you pop into bed, the ingredients in cuticles oils nourishes nails and promote stronger nails and nail growth. (Do not purchase a cuticle oil containing mineral oil. Look for a cuticle oil containing Jojoba oil).

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Are acrylics damaging to the nail, my nails are so thin when I take the acrylics off?

Acrylics shouldn't be damaging to your nails if they do not contain MMA in the acrylics and you soak them off properly with acetone. DO NOT PICK AND RIP THEM OFF! Ripping acrylics off can immediately pull layers of your natural nail with it. That's when people misunderstands and blame the acrylics for causing weakness and dents in nails. Please have your Acrylic or Gel Nail Enhancements removed by a Licensed Nail Technician.

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Can I place acrylics back on immediately after soaking off the old acrylics or do I need to give it a few weeks break?

Yes, its fine to re-apply acrylics back on as natural nails are made up of keratin (protein) so nails don't breathe. But if you ripped your acrylics off and the natural nail is very thin and sore, then you might want to give it a week or two to heal before adding stress to the sore nails. Meanwhile you could apply nail hardener once a week to strengthen the nails and cuticle oil every night to nourish the cuticles to promote healthy nail growth .

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How can I prevent hangnails?

Hangnails are spikes of skin that form on the cuticles alongside the nails due to dryness, biting around the nails, and minor injury. You can prevent hangnails by applying cuticle oil to the cuticles every night, or have paraffin wax treatments or hot oil conditioning treatments.

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What is Paraffin Wax?

Paraffin wax is a deep cleansing and toning treatment which stimulates blood circulation and invigorate skin tissue. This treatment can be done alone or incorporated into a manicure or pedicure. Paraffin wax can calm down calluses, cuticles (Hangnails), it can relieve pain in muscles, joints, arthritis and rheumatism. Paraffin wax can also plump out fine lines temporarily. But not everyone is suitable for paraffin wax, as the wax does get to a temperature of 50-52 degrees Celsius. People with diabetes, high blood pressure, varicose veins, paralysis, open wounds, infections, heart problems and any other contraindications that can be triggered from heat, increased blood flow should avoid doing paraffin wax treatment.

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What is Hot Oil Conditioning?

Hot Oil Manicures are recommended for improving dry and flaky nail conditions, brittle nails and dry cuticles. The heat used in the treatment aids the penetration of oils and nutritive elements into the nail plate, cuticles and surrounding skin.

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What is Exfoliating Moisturizing Scrub?

An Exfoliating Moisture Scrub exfoliates the dry, dead skin cells, leaving skin feeling fresh, rejuvenated and soft. This is an excellent treatment used along with a Paraffin Wax Treatment.

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What is a Hydrating Masque Treatment?

The Hydrating Masque is applied to your feet and wrapped with hot towels. The hydrating sea extracts, conditioning mineral clays, soothing botanicals and enlivening menthol rejuvenates the feet and an awakening experience for the senses. Feet feel soft, moisturized and cool for hours. This treatment is excellent in combination with a Paraffin Wax Treatment for the Ultimate Pampering Experience.

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How can I stop biting my nails?

Have a Licensed Nail Technician apply Gel Sculpted Nail Enhancements. Nail biters are normally perfectionist, so when they see dry skin around the nails, nails that are uneven, nails that are splitting, they will start biting causing the nails to get shorter and shorter in length. Sculpted Nail Enhancements lengthens the nails without tips or glue. When done correctly, the nail enhancements look fabulous and reduce chances of biting and picking. Some people don't even realize they still pick or bite the nails because of stress and nervous habits. Now to prevent that, keep a few bottles of cuticle oil, one around the phone, one in the bedroom, one in the car, one at work, so whenever you start fiddling with your nails, instead of picking, massage in cuticle oil to keep you busy. Cuticle oil is nourishing and can reduce hangnails and promotes healthy nail growth, therefore you can have better looking nails and break the picking and biting habit. (Do not purchase mineral oil based cuticle oil)

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Why not use a mineral based cuticle oil, cream or lotion?

The problem with lotions, creams and oils that contain mineral oil is that mineral oil acts as a lubricant, this oil does not absorbed into the skin or the fingernails. Mineral oil repels water. Lotions, creams and oils that contain mineral oil can cause lifting of acrylic or gel nails, because the mineral oil can penetrate underneath the nail enhancement. Some mineral oils, depending on the other ingredients, can cause acrylics to discolor. When buying cream, cuticle oil or lotion, read the ingredients before purchasing! Choose a natural nail cuticle oil by the natural ingredients such as jojoba, lavender, grape seed, almond oil, etc.

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How do I maintain my Nail Enhancements?

To maintain the nail enhancements in prime condition its very important to take care of your nail enhancements in the proper way.
Here are advices of maintaining nail enhancements.

TREAT YOUR NAILS AS JEWELS NOT TOOLS
- Use knuckles instead of your nails when possible
- Wear gloves when doing the washing, gardening or when using harsh detergents
- Use the pads of your fingers instead of the tips of your nail enhancements when taking laundry out of dryer.

- Pick up objects with the pads of your fingers.

Getting nail enhancements requires maintenance, you should be visiting your nail technician every two weeks to have the nail enhancements rebalanced. As the nails grow, the enhancements faces more pressure and stress, therefore rebalance the new growth area can strengthen the enhancements and balance out the pressure on the enhancements. If you don't regularly fill the acrylics or gels then chances of lifting, breaking, and snapping of the nail enhancements are more prone to happening.

ACRYLICS: APPLY TOP COAT EVERY OTHER DAY
Acrylics are porous, meaning they have open pockets in the nail enhancements causing liquid and air to pass through. A coat of clear top coat with UV inhibitors can act as a barrier from polish staining, and reflecting off UV sun rays - causes yellowing in enhancements.
But you can do an extra service of UV Top Coat right after acrylic enhancements which saves you time and effort of re-applying top coat every other day.

DO NOT RIP THE NAIL ENHANCEMENTS OFF!
If you do not want the enhancements anymore, make an appointment with your nail technician to remove the enhancements. PLEASE do not attempt to remove the enhancements yourself and rip them off. When you rip your enhancements, you will rip layers of your natural nail along with it and cause the natural nail to become so thin that it will be sore and red, if severe can cause the natural nail plate to lift off the nail bed.

APPLY CUTICLE OIL/CREAM
Every night before you go to bed, massage cuticle oil/cream around the cuticles to keep the cuticles supple and promote healthy nail growth.
Note: Avoid cuticle oil/creams that contains mineral oil, lanolin, or petrolatum as they can cause lifting to the enhancements!

ACRYLICS: CRUCIAL POINTS- ESPECIALLY FOR THE FIRST 48 HRS!
The first 48 hrs will determine how good the acrylics will stay on! Any of the following within the 48 hrs, increases the chances of Acrylics or Gels to lifting and snapping off!
- Do not pick the acrylics or gels nail enhancements.
- Do not bite the acrylics or gel nail enhancements.
- Do not go banging the acrylics or gel nail enhancements on hard surfaces
- Do not tap the acrylics or gel nail enhancements for fun (as many people tap nails on surfaces instantly after getting nail enhancements)
- Do not lift heavy objects with acrylics or gel enhancements.
- Do not open cans or containers with acrylics or gel enhancements.
- Use knuckles or pads of your fingertips where possible replacing nails.
- Do not submerge acrylics or gels in detergents/water without wearing gloves (washing hands and showering is different).
- Do not use a acetone based polish remover (use non-acetone) on acrylic nail enhancements.
ALL ABOVE APPLIES TO ALL NAIL ENHANCEMENTS, crucial 48hrs is only for acrylics. But all nail enhancements should be treated like jewels at all times!

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What is MMA?

MMA (Methyl Methacrylate) is a toxic chemical ingredient used in cheap acrylics which causes irritation to the human body through numerous ways! MMA are used to make resins, plastics, and plastic dentures. Plastic denture processes are cured outside of the mouth, therefore are safe when placed in contact with human tissue. But acrylics enhancements are different, as they take up to 48 hrs to fully cure, the exposure rate to MMA is of high risk. In 2001, the FDA believes that liquid methyl methacrylate when used in cosmetic fingernail preparations, is a poisonous and deleterious substance. MMA atoms are so small that they can easily penetrate the skin and nail plate. MMA is a sensitizer that can cause irritation and allergic reactions once it’s in contact with the skin. The Material Data Safety Sheet mentions the following:
* MMA has a strong, sharp, fruity odor that can affect you when inhaled.
* It may damage the developing fetus.
* Exposure can irritate the eyes, skin, nose and throat.
* Exposure could damage the nervous system. Symptoms may include pins & needles, numbness, weakness and changes in the ability to remember and concentrate.
* Severe side effects may include abnormal liver or kidney functions, nervous system and reproductive problems

Many nail salons have brand name products displayed on walls and stands, but have you ever actually asked to see the original acrylic containers? Having that brand of retail products displayed doesn't mean they use the same brand products on you. Ask for original acrylic containers and make sure the ingredients contain NO MMA!

Have you been exposed to MMA? How do you know and what are the symptoms?

MMA is very cheap to purchase. Therefore, prices can be cheaper then professional nail salons. Beware of strong fumes in the salon that can cause the following symptoms: skin irritation, inflammation, scaling, reddening and skin sensitization. Burning in the eyes, redness, tearing, itchy and swelling from the MMA liquid and vapors. MMA can cause dizziness, nausea and anesthetic effects when inhaled through the respiratory tract. Prolonged exposure to MMA substance can cause organ damage (kidney, liver and lungs).

What happens if you have acrylics enhancements with MMA in it?

When MMA substance acrylics are put on your nail it will be HARD and RIGID, and hard to remove. From a clients perspective that may sound great, what will happen if you banged your nails hard on a table, wall, surface by accident? MMA acrylics will tear your whole natural nail off with the acrylics. The safe formula also the more expensive acrylics uses EMA (Ethyl Methacrylate), it contains more flexibility in the acrylics and can be removed in 20-30 minutes with pure acetone, while MMA acrylics might take you hours and hours and will not even soak off.

What Are The Alternatives?
Ethyl Methacrylate Liquid Monomers EMA
Most manufacturers formulate their liquid monomer with ethyl methacrylate. This product has been declared safe for use by trained nail technicians. At Liquid Glamour we use products such as Creative liquid monomers which are formulated with ethyl methacrylate. EMA is a much safer and larger atom and doesn’t damage the nail plates and it is less likely to cause an allergic reaction. EMA and gels are meant to adhere to healthy nail surfaces - their chemical composition/physical structure is meant to match the surface of a healthy nail. Acrylic nails can be and should be safe when properly applied and maintained. There are alternatives for anyone who wants to absolutely sure of avoiding MMA based products. Light cured gels is a wonderful Alternative to Acrylic. The gel is applied to the natural nail with a thin brush and hardened under a UV light to cure the resin. If a salon mixes a powder and a liquid, this is not a gel. Natural Nail Manicures is another alternative. Natural nail products and procedures have become quite advanced. Various manicures and products can help develop healthier nails.

29th Oct, 2008 - Today Tonight reveals the Toxic Nails of MMA To watch click VIDEO

NailsMag Health Update

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How often should I get a pedicure?

A Pedicure is the art of caring for the feet and toenails. It can increase the comfort level of your feet, as well as enhance the way they look. Plus, many people find receiving a pedicure to be exceptionally relaxing. Pedicures can be scheduled as often as you like. Every 3 - 4 weeks will maintain a fresh rejuvenated look and feel. Frequent pedicures will keep the soles of your feet soft and supple and will prevent cracking of the heels, especially in dry winter weather. Having your nails trimmed, shaped, callus removed and nails perfectly polished is a treat to pamper yourself. You deserve it. During the summer months, when your feet may be exposed on a more regular basis, you may want to enjoy a pedicure more regularly. Sit back and enjoy a delightful foot massage.

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Why are the use of Credo Blades illegal when giving a pedicure?

First and Foremost, the use of Credo Blades are illegal in Illinois. Many Non-Standard Nail Salons use these blades while performing a Pedicure Service. Watch the attached Video. "Salon Secrets Exposed, Part 1"

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How Sanitary and Safe is a Non-Standard Salon?

Watch the attached Video. "Salon Secrets Exposed, Part 2"

Be aware of files, pumice stones or blocks and buffers: Any Porous product cannot be properly sanitized. Porous products are meant for single use. If you notice nail technicians buffer or file with white residue it has been used by a client before you. VIDEO

YOUR NAIL TECHNICIAN SHOULD ALWAYS USE CLEAN TOWELS WITH EACH PEDICURE AND MANICURE SERVICE!

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How long will a pedicure take, and what happens during a pedicure?

A pedicure takes about 45-60 minutes, and includes removal of old polish (if needed), filing of toenails, treatment of cuticles, removal of calluses and massage of the lower leg and foot. Polish is then applied, if desired - plan to bring sandals to allow painted toenails to dry fully. For your convenience, Liquid Glamour provides lightweight foam post-pedicure flip-flops.

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Should I trim or cut my toenails before I go get a pedicure?

Never cut your toenails before you a pedicure. Leave your pedicurist something to work with. The client may cut the toenails too short or at a deep angle creating a potential ingrown toenail. Please remember that your Nail Technician is a licensed professional who enjoys their work. They realize that you may feel uncomfortable walking in with overgrown nails. Your technician will make every effort to put you at ease.

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What causes calluses?

Going barefoot on a regular basis causes calluses, so wear socks and shoes whenever possible in the summer, it’s best to keep a pumice stone in your shower and exfoliate the soles of your feet once or twice a week.

At Home Care:
You can keep calluses under control at home by carefully sanding them down. First, wash your feet. Then soak them for 20 minutes in a basin of clean, warm water with two tablespoons mild dishwashing liquid. Then rub the callus with cuticle oil (olive oil from the kitchen will work) until it feels moist and soft, usually about one minute. Finally, sand the callus with a pumice stone or a callus file. Stop sanding before the area becomes tender—one to two minutes. * Wearing tight shoes will aggravate calluses.
***The only person who should remove or trim your calluses with a sharp instrument is a podiatrist—Never take a razor or scissors to a callus. You can easily cause an infection.***

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What if I am shy about having a pedicure?

You’re not alone. It’s not uncommon to feel a bit shy about having your feet treated — it may help to remember that Nail Technicians are licensed professionals who enjoy their work. They realize that you may feel uncomfortable and will make every effort to put you at ease.

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Should I shave my legs before I come in for a pedicure?

NO. The exfoliating scrubs and lotions used can inflame newly shaved legs, so use this as an excuse not to shave. Remember, your Nail Technician is a licensed professional who enjoys their work. They realize that you may feel uncomfortable and will make every effort to put you at ease.

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What is an ingrown toe nail?

An ingrown toenail is when the toenail grows into the skin alongside the toenail and causes infection and pain! An ingrown nail occurs when a portion of a toenail on either side of the toe turns downward and presses into the skin. Nails normally are nearly flat, with just a slight arcing downward at the borders. When the border of the nail is turned downward, it begins to injure the skin.
*Notify your nail technician if you notice any changes on your nails and consult your physician.

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How do people get ingrown toenail?

A progression of events occurs. Routinely cutting the nails improperly, down at an angle instead of straight across, is the most common cause of Ingrown Nails. Wearing narrow or pointed shoes can apply enough pressure to a normal nail to turn the nail edge downward. Once the nail matrix, the tissue where the nail grows from, gets injured in this way, it continues to produce a nail edge that is more vertical than horizontal. From this abnormal nail growth, the nail edge applies mild pressure on the skin over a long period of time. The skin at the nail edge thickens and becomes hardened. You may begin to notice an enlargement or swelling of the skin around the nail edge. This can be accompanied by an increase in pain. The condition can progress as a result of other factors. These factors include: pressure from a tight or pointed shoe, injury such as stubbing a toe, excessive wetness, either from perspiration or application of ointments or creams, or improper cutting of nails If these factors come into play, the possibility increases that the nail edge can then penetrate the skin, just like a knife, and cause an infection. The skin at the nail edge becomes reddened and swollen. You may notice drainage or pus from the area and the pain becomes intolerable.
Severe ingrown toenails should be removed through by your podiatrist.
*Notify your nail technician if you notice any changes on your nails and consult your physician.

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Can I prevent from having an ingrown toenail again?

CUTTING NAILS PROPERLY TO PREVENT INGROWN NAILS

Cutting toe nails properly goes a long way toward the prevention of ingrown nails. Use a safety nail clipper, available at every drug store on the planet. Cut the nails STRAIGHT ACROSS, so that the nail corner is visible. If you cut the nail too short so that the nail corner is not visible, you are inviting the nail corner to grow into the skin. It is the natural tendency, when the edge of the nail starts to grow in, to cut down at an angle at the nail edge, to relieve the pain. This DOES relieve he pain TEMPORARILY, but it also starts the downward spiral, training the nail to become more and more ingrown. What happens is that cutting down at an angle creates a space at the nail edge. When the advancing nail edge reaches the space, it rolls downward, taking the course of least resistance. The edge becomes more and more ingrown, until it pierces the skin and makes an infection.
*Notify your nail technician if you notice any changes on your nails and consult your physician.

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Can I get a pedicure if I have ingrown toenails?

Of course! Ingrown toenails are commonly associated with improper filing or ill-fitting shoes. Your Nail Technician can help correct the problem, and advise you about how to avoid it in the future.

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Should I cut a "V" in the middle of my toenail to correct an ingrown toenail?

This is a myth. Please read the following article posted at epodiatry.

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Is there ever a time I shouldn't have a pedicure?

Pedicures are designed to help maintain the health and attractiveness of the feet and toenails. Because athlete's foot and foot fungus are extremely contagious, your feet should be completely clear of these problems before receiving a pedicure.
*Notify your nail technician if you notice any changes on your nails or feet and consult your physician.

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What is nail fungus?

Nail fungus, or otherwise known as onychomycosis, is a contagious infection of the nail bed and plate caused by several types of fungi, and sometimes yeast. Fungi are simple parasitic plant organisms that lack of chlorophyll and therefore do not require sunlight to grow. It can easily attach to the nail and thrive off keratin, nail’s protein substance.
*Notify your nail technician if you notice any changes on your nails and consult your physician.

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Where are fungi found?

Fungi are ubiquitous, meaning that they can be found everywhere. More common areas to contact them are bathrooms, locker rooms, gyms and unsanitary nail implements. Some people are simply more prone to becoming infected with fungi, often due to hereditary lack of immunity.
*Notify your nail technician if you notice any changes on your nails and consult your physician.

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How do I know if my nail is infected with fungus?

When infected with fungus, nail becomes thicker, yellowish-brown or darker color and has a specific odor when filed. The biggest problem with nail fungus is that it’s extremely contagious and can easily spread to other nails or skin. *Notify your nail technician if you notice any changes on your nails and consult your physician.

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What causes the fungal infection?

Nail fungus is usually caused by a trauma to the nail. If the nail is just slightly elevated of the nail bed, a space develops under the nail where water and microbes accumulate. This creates a perfect warm and damp environment for their growth. Exposing hand and feet to water will increase the risk of getting fungal infection. People with artificial nails are at higher risk due to the microscopic damage to the nail that causing it to rise. *Notify your nail technician if you notice any changes on your nails and consult your physician.

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How can I prevent fungal infection?

Wearing properly fitted shoes, drying feet thoroughly after shower or bath, wearing shower shoes when in public showers and properly disinfecting home implements are some of the ways to protect the nail from getting infected. Keep your toes dry, because the fungus starts off in wet places. Beware when you are using public restrooms, showers and pools all ways wear the shoes you have with you. Wear the most comfortable pair of shoes you have. Make sure they are not too tight and make sure they are dry. Let your toes air out. Take a change of socks with you. If you work outside, whenever you get a break change your socks and shoes. When you decide to cut your toe nails, do not cut them so close to your skin. You could cut your toe causing the infection to spread. *Most importantly notify your nail technician if you notice any changes on your nails and consult your physician.

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Is there a health threat with fungal infections?

Fungal infection will weaken the nail over a period of time, and can cause it to ultimately fall off for not being anchored to the nail bed. A prolonged infection can permit a bacterial infection to begin in the foot, which may result in foot or ankle ulcers and lead to blood poisoning. *Notify your nail technician if you notice any changes on your nails and consult your physician.

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How do I treat fungal infections?

There are several of internal and topical medications available on the market. Treatment will vary depending on the severity of each case. It can be lengthy due to the slow growth of the fingernail and especially toenail, anywhere from 4 to 12 months. Please visit these several sites: Home Remedies - www.nailfunguscures.org -ZetaClear Toe Nail Infection Treatment for suggestions on how to treat fungal infections. *Please note that TEA TREE OIL is the main ingredient in all three suggestions. * With any noticeable changes on your nails please notify your nail technician and consult your physician.

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What are the Illinois Laws pertaining to Sanitation for Salons?

Salon sanitary standards set by the Illinois Department of Professional Regulation are to be followed by all licensees as appropriate to their practice. Failure to comply with these standards shall be considered unprofessional conduct and may be determined to be a violation.
Section 1175.115 Sanitary Standards

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Revised: 09/05/11.

 

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